The date of Eid ul Fitr 2022 has been announced in Saudi Arabia and also in many other parts of the world. Astronomers and scholars have been gathering at their local observatories to try to sight the first crescent of the new moon on Saturday evening, April 30.
Green Lane Masjid and Community Center (GLMCC) in Birmingham, which falls in line with the Saudi declarations, has also confirmed the date of its two big Eid events in the city. It will this year hold gatherings in Small Heath Park and at Edgbaston Stadium.
READ MORE: Follow all the latest updates in our Eid 2022 live blog here
Eid ul Fitr means ‘festival of breaking the fast’ and marks the end of the daily fasting that took place from early morning to sunset throughout the month of Ramadan. The month after Ramadan is called Shawwal, so the moon that must be sighted to determine its beginning is often known as the Shawwal Moon. Eid festivities go on for the first three days of Shawwal, although Islamic nations often enjoy much longer public holidays.
Saudi Chief Astronomer Abdullah Al-Khudairi had earlier said at Sudair Observatory: “The atmosphere is suitable for observing the crescent Shawwal 1443 but mathematically the moon will set before the sun, and this means that there is little to no chance for the crescent to be seen today.”
And it was later confirmed that the crescent moon was not sighted. This means Ramadan will go on into Sunday. And then Eid ul Fitr will be on Monday, May 2.
The Saudi Gazette reported: “The crescent of the month of Shawwal could not be sighted from the Tamir observatory or from the observatory of Majmaah University in Hautat Sudair on Saturday, which means that Sunday (May 1) will be the last day of the holy month of Ramadan and Monday (May 2) will be the first day of Eid Al-Fitr.”
Officials and members of the public try to sight the moon on the 29th day of any given month – if it’s observed the month (in this case, Ramadan) comes to an end, and if not it goes on one more day. Astronomical data had already suggested the moon would not be visible anywhere in the world on Saturday, but that people will be able to see it on Sunday, May 1, if they want the spiritual moment of glimpsing the Shawwal moon.
The Australian Fatwa Council has also issued an announcement that Eid will be on Monday, May 2, based on astronomical data. The council issued a statement saying: “After consulting members of the Australian Fatwa Council and further inquiries to the local and global observatories, it has been confirmed that the new moon of the month of Shawwal will be born on Sunday 1st of May at 6.28am AEST, the sun sets on the same day at 5.14pm while the new moon will appear on the same day after sunset for 14 minutes until 5.28pm where it will disappear thereafter from the horizon.
“In the city of Perth, Western Australia, the new moon of the month of Shawwal will be born on Sunday 1st of May at 4.28am AWST, the sun sets on the same day at 5.38pm while the moon will appear on the same day after sunset for 18 minutes until 5.56pm where it will disappear thereafter from the horizon.
Therefore, Sunday, 1st of May 2022, will be the last day of the month of Ramadan 1443AH. The Day of Eid Al-Fitr will be Monday 2nd of May 2022 and the first day of the month of Shawwal 1443AH.
The Grand Mufti of Australia, Dr Ibrahim Abu Mohamad, and the respected Imams of the Australian National Imams Council, acknowledge the different opinions amongst the scholars on this topic and that not all Imams and schools of thought agree on the criteria and methodology used in determining the beginning and the end of the holy month of Ramadan, including prominent member Imams from the Australian Fatwa Council and Australian National Imams Council.
“Therefore, the Australian National Imams Council and the Grand Mufti of Australia call upon all Muslims to respect these differences by avoiding debates that lead to disagreements and misunderstanding amongst the Muslims.
“We urge the Muslim community to focus on their unity and what brings them closer to Allah the Almighty and their religion. The Grand Mufti of Australia, Dr Ibrahim Abu Mohamad, and the respected Imams of the Australian National Imams Council, wish the Muslim community a happy, joyful and blessed Eid Al-Fitr. We also encourage the Muslim community to engage with their fellow neighbors and friends in displaying the true and peaceful image of Islam.”
It’s been reported that United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Palestine, Syria, Yemen, Lebanon, Egypt, Sudan, Turkey, Singapore and Malaysia will celebrate also Eid on Monday, May 2. The news for Iraq was jointly announced by The Sunni Endowments in Iraq and the Kurdish Ministry of Endowment, and confirmed by the country’s Shafaq News, which said the moon was not sighted on April 30.
However, in Afghanistan, Eid will begin a day earlier, on Sunday, May 1. The country’s TOLOnews service said the moon-sighting committee of its new government, the Islamic Emirates of Afghanistan, had “announced tomorrow (Sunday) as the first day of Eid-al-Fitr.”
The slight difference in dates across the world means some did not start Ramadan until April 3, including Muslims who rely on UK moon sightings, as well as those in Morocco. For those worshipers, the 29th day of the month is Sunday and they will instead be gathering to officially sight the crescent tomorrow night. We’ll bring the UK and Morocco moon-sighting news as soon as it comes in.
It’s customary in Islam for worshipers to look for the moon in their own country. This happens in Muslim majority countries where moon-sighting systems are well-established.
Those in other countries have traditionally tended to follow their nearest Islamic nation or defer to Saudi Arabia, home of Islam’s holiest sites. But there have been moves to establish a proper moon-sighting system in the UK so it can have its own nationally-accepted dates rather than rely on others.
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